Background context for 21st century welfare reform and unique aspects of basic services.
Professor Jonathan Portes and Howard Reed write two papers discussing the challenges facing our society and look at the costs and effects of delivering Transport and Information UBS.
Universal Basic Services (UBS) are a collection of 7 services that go as far as possible to enable citizens to live a basic life at the lowest monetary cost.
Universal Basic Services (UBS) is the only way to sustainably deliver the social safety and cohesion required in a large modern society.
Only by recognising and purposefully activating our natural inclination to make social effort in return for a promise of safety can our societies deliver the safety and security they need to function properly.
Insecurity may be considered a creative motivator in the land of plenty, but in the normal world it is the root of disintegration.
Basic income would fail without Universal Basic Services, and is unaffordable with the services.
Decentralized decision makers could accurately pinpoint exactly how to provide security to local people.
Access to decent clothing is an important part of ensuring children have the best chance of getting the most from their education. Therefore it is only right that we do the best we can to create as much of a level playing field as we can in terms of school uniform.
If the government can guarantee citizens’ access to healthcare, housing, education and training, without regard to employment status, those citizens will be protected, even though they are not necessarily typically salaried workers.
Universal free social/aged care would only cost 0.1% GDP more than current government proposal.
Of course, that it mostly appeals to people with lower to medium incomes. But free public transport also stimulates the mobility of higher-income groups.
Public Internet services in USA help bridge the digital divide