Insecurity may be considered a creative motivator in the land of plenty, but in the normal world it is the root of disintegration.
Basic income would fail without Universal Basic Services, and is unaffordable with the services.
If the government can guarantee citizens’ access to healthcare, housing, education and training, without regard to employment status, those citizens will be protected, even though they are not necessarily typically salaried workers.
Universal free social/aged care would only cost 0.1% GDP more than current government proposal.
Public Internet services in USA help bridge the digital divide
A civil society does not leave anyone behind with these needs and operates the solidarity that serves to ensure that everyone can meet them adequately.
At the core of any model of universal basic services is a moral and emotional reality that cannot be underestimated