“Car nation” Germany has surprised neighbours with a radical proposal to reduce road traffic by making public transport free, as Berlin scrambles to meet EU air pollution targets and avoid big fines.
8% of the population, struggle to afford basic goods and services, those who live in poverty suffer from complete social exclusion
Far more compelling than UBI is ‘UBS’, or the idea of ‘universal basic services’
The most powerful aspects of the argument are probably not the cost calculations for particular services (which are in any case quite speculative) but the implied political potential of supporting and expanding the social wage.
A state service provision could help our society cope with a changing job market. And best of all: it could be fiscally neutral
Millions in the UK are in low-paid or insecure jobs
Experts at UCL say free services ‘more effective and politically attainable’ than redistributive payments